KURD’S DEATH SENTENCE TO BE CARRIED OUTADditional InformationBoth Hossein Khezri and Zeynab Jalalian were convicted of “moharebeh” (enmity against God) for membership of the Party for Free Life of Kurdistan (known by its Kurdish acronym PJAK) and sentenced to death.In his letter, Hossein Khezri said that he had been tortured by methods including beatings for several hours a day; threats against himself and his family, kicks to the genitals which caused bleeding and severe swelling for 14 day;, kicks to the legs resulting in an eight cm wound which was still open in late 2010; and harsh baton blows to the entire body for 49 days, causing bruising and inflammation. He said that he was moved for three days to an Intelligence Ministry facility in February 2010 for interrogation about his complaint, which led to his father’ death from a heart attack on hearing his son had been moved from prison, fearing he had been executed. He said he was told if he “confessed” on TV, his death sentence would be commuted to imprisonment.Zeynab Jalalian was sentenced to death around January 2009 by Kermanshah Revolutionary Court. Before that, she had spent eight months in a Ministry of Intelligence detention facility, where she says she was tortured, during which time her family had no information concerning her fate. She was not granted access to a lawyer during her trial, which she said lasted only a few minutes. Zeynab Jalalian’s death sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court on 26 November 2009. In early March 2010, Zeynab Jalalian was moved from Kermanshah Prison to an unknown location, possibly a detention facility of the Ministry of Intelligence. After several weeks, in late March 2010, she was transferred to Section 209 of Evin Prison in Tehran, hundreds of miles away from her home. At the end of June 2010, unconfirmed reports were widely circulated that Zeynab Jalalian’s execution was imminent, but she was not executed.Kurds, who are one of Iran’s many minority groups, live mainly in the west and north-west of the country, in the province of Kordestan and neighbouring provinces bordering Kurdish areas of Turkey and Iraq. They experience religious, economic and cultural discrimination (for further information see Iran: Human Rights Abuses against the Kurdish minority, July 2008, Index MDE 13/008/2008). For many years, Kurdish organizations such as the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) and the Marxist group, Komala, conducted armed struggle against the Islamic Republic of Iran. PJAK, formed in 2004, aims to establish in Iran a “democratic system in which all citizens: Iranians, Kurds, Azarbaijanis, Baluch, Turkmans, Arabs and all other ethnic groups within the framework of the democratic system can govern themselves”. It carried out armed attacks against Iranian security forces, but declared a unilateral ceasefire in 2009, although it still engages in armed clashes with security forces it terms “self-defence”. On 19 October 2010 it called for a peaceful solution to the “Kurdish issue” in Iran. This followed an attack on a military parade in Mahabad on 22 September 2010 which left at least 12 people dead and scores injured, mostly women, which the Iranian authorities blamed on Israel and the United States, and a gun attack on a police station on 7 October in Sanandaj which left four policemen and a civilian dead. No group has claimed responsibility for either attack, Amnesty International condemns attacks on civilians, as well as indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks which violate fundamental principles of humanitarian law.At least 16 other Kurdish men and one other Kurdish woman are believed to be on death row in connection with their alleged membership of and activities for banned Kurdish organizations. They include Habibollah Latifi, Sherko Moarefi, Anvar Rostami, Rostam Arkiya, Mostafa Salimi, Hassan Talai, Iraj Mohammadi, Rashid Akhkandi, Mohammad Amin Agoushi, Ahmad Pouladkani, Sayed Sami Hosseini, Sayed Jamal Mohammadi, Mohammad Amin Abdolahi, Ghader Mohamadzadeh, Aziz Mohammadzadeh and.Habibollah Golparipour. On 4 November, political prisoners in Iran, including Hossein Khezri, launched a campaign from prison against stoning and executions by holding a one day hunger strike. FU on UA: 88/10 Index: MDE 13/104/2010 Issue Date: 19 November 2010
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